In geometry, the truncated icosahedron is an Archimedean solid, one of 13 convex isogonal nonprismatic solids whose 32 faces are two or more types of regular polygons. … This geometry is associated with footballs (soccer balls) typically patterned with white hexagons and black pentagons.

## How many faces does a soccer ball have?

In particular, the standard soccer ball is a truncated icosahedron. After truncation, the 20 triangular faces of the icosahedron become hexagons; the 12 vertices, as shown here, turn into pentagons. The same truncation procedure can be applied to the other Platonic solids.

## Why does a soccer ball have 32 panels?

The ball’s classic construction with 32 panels means that the ball meets resistance at a later point in its trajectory through the air, thus retaining a steady, high speed over a longer period of time. This provides a stable and more predictable flight – highly valued by all soccer players.

## How many hexagons are on a soccer ball?

Figure 1 A common type of soccer ball, covered with 12 pentagons and 20 hexagons.

## Why does a soccer ball has 12 pentagons and 20 hexagons?

When an icosahedron is (partially) truncated at all its 12 vertices then each of 20 triangular faces become a hexagon & each of 12 vertices produces a new petagonal face. Thus a truncated icosahedron has 12 regular pentagons & 20 regular hexagons.

## Who invented soccer?

Records trace the history of soccer back more than 2,000 years ago to ancient China. Greece, Rome, and parts of Central America also claim to have started the sport; but it was England that transitioned soccer, or what the British and many other people around the world call “football,” into the game we know today.

## Who is known as the father of soccer?

This preview shows page 9 – 18 out of 22 pages. club in Barnes, called the Barnes Club. Cobb Morley is rightfully considered the father of soccer, but that’s not just because he was the one to spark the idea of the Soccer Association.

## What is the best soccer brand?

11 Best Soccer Brands

- Nike. No matter what major sport a person is talking about, Nike is always going to be near the very top. …
- Adidas. With a history dating back to Germany, Adidas has always had a soft spot for the most popular sport in the world. …
- Puma. …
- Under Armour. …
- Umbro. …
- Diadora. …
- New Balance. …
- Mizuno.

## How long does a soccer ball last?

Some balls use carbon-latex bladders in which the carbon powder helps to close the micro pores. Soccer balls with carbon latex bladders usually increase air retention to approximately one week.

## Is there a size 6 soccer ball?

Introducing the first ever: SIZE 6 Soccer Ball! Your are going to love it! According to conservative FIFA estimates, over 270 million people play soccer worldwide. We all know the FIFA regulation size soccer ball is a size 5.

## What does FIFA stand for?

FIFA — Soccer’s World Governing Body

Founded in 1904 to provide unity among national soccer associations, the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) boasts 209 members, rivaling that of the United Nations, and is arguably the most prestigious sports organization in the world.

## What are the 3 types of kicks in soccer?

Types of Kicking in Soccer

- Push Kick. The push kick, or inside-of-the-foot kick, allows you to send a highly accurate, short pass to a teammate. …
- Outside Kick. If you want to surprise and deceive your opponent, who is more likely to expect a push kick, use the outside of your foot instead. …
- Toe Kick. …
- Back Heel.

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## Why do soccer balls have hexagons?

The ball’s pattern of white hexagons with black pentagons made it easily visible on television. An added bonus for players: The black pentagons helped them learn to curve the ball better by being able to track its movement more easily.

## Is a soccer ball a regular polyhedron?

Examined from the perspec- tive of graph theory, the standard soccer ball has three important properties: (1) it is a polyhedron that consists only of pentagons and hexagons; (2) the sides of each pentagon meet only hexagons; and (3) the sides of each hexagon alter- nately meet pentagons and hexagons.

## Is a soccer ball a tessellation?

This geometry is associated with footballs (soccer balls) typically patterned with white hexagons and black pentagons. Geodesic domes such as those whose architecture Buckminster Fuller pioneered are often based on this structure.

…

Truncated icosahedral graph | |
---|---|

Vertices | 60 |

Edges | 90 |

Automorphisms | 120 |

Chromatic number | 3 |

## What shape is a football called?

A football, however, owes its two-dimensional origin to the ellipse rather than the circle, giving the pigskin its prolate spheroid shape, which has a polar axis that is greater than its equatorial diameter. Thanks to its elongated nature, a football will spiral when thrown properly.