APTOS, Calif. — Howard “Red” Hickey, who invented the shotgun offensive formation while coaching the San Francisco 49ers, died Thursday, his son said. He was 89. Jeffrey Hickey didn’t disclose the cause of his father’s death.
When was the shotgun first used in football?
San Francisco first used the shotgun on November 27, 1960 in a game against the Baltimore Colts. Hickey knew the Colts had a terrific pass rush, so in preparing for the game he had his quarterbacks practice taking snaps seven yards deep rather than from under center.
Who came up with shotgun?
In the latter part of the 1940s, the Philadelphia Eagles, under Hall of Fame Coach Earl “Greasy” Neale, implemented the shotgun formation in their offensive attack with quarterback Tommy Thompson. The formation was named by the man who actually devised it, San Francisco 49ers coach Red Hickey, in 1960.
What is a shotgun quarterback?
The shotgun formation puts the quarterback 7 yards behind the line of scrimmage. Offenses use the shotgun when they have poor pass blocking or when they’re facing excellent pass rushers. Teams also use the shotgun when they want to pass on every down, usually when they’re behind.
Who invented the pistol offense?
Chris Ault, head coach of Nevada at the time, pioneered the pistol offense in 2004, and the “new” offense finally came to the national spotlight when Colin Kaepernick ran the offense under Ault in the early 2010s.
How far back is QB in shotgun?
This formation is used mainly for passing plays, although some teams use it as their base formation. In the shotgun, instead of the quarterback receiving the snap from center at the line of scrimmage, he stands farther behind the line of scrimmage, often five to seven yards back.
Who was considered the father of football?
Walter Chauncey Camp (April 7, 1859 – March 14, 1925) was an American football player, coach, and sports writer known as the “Father of American Football”.
What is the shotgun position?
The shotgun formation is one that has the quarterback lined up 5 to 7 yards behind the center. The center snaps the ball through the air back to the quarterback at the start of the play. … This is much different than an “under center” snap, where the quarterback would have to drop back before being in position to throw.
What does pistol mean in football?
In simple terms, the “pistol” is a formation where the quarterback stands up a few yards behind the center (in shotgun), and the running back lines up behind him.
What does it mean to be under center?
The quarterback (or another offensive player on occasion) lines up directly behind the center to take the snap. Sometimes referred to as standard formation (as opposed to shotgun formation).
Why is it called shotgun in a car?
(slang) The front passenger seat in a vehicle, next to the driver; so called because the position of the shotgun-armed guard on a horse-drawn stage-coach, wagon train, or gold transport was next to the driver on a forward-mounted bench seat.
Why is it called a screen pass?
The outside receivers run clear-out routes in order to make a path for the screen coming behind them. … The only defenders left will be linebackers, which will be picked up by the “screen” of offensive linemen in front of the receiver—hence the name “screen pass”.
How many down or opportunities do you have to earn a first down?
But you do want to earn lots of first downs, which you get after your team advances the ball 10 yards or more in the allotted four downs. Getting lots of first downs usually translates to more scoring opportunities, which are definitely good things.
How do you run a pistol offense?
In a pistol formation, hand-offs occur 2-3 yards closer to the line of scrimmage than in the shotgun. In the traditional shotgun, run plays are most effectively run to the side opposite the running back, without a cutback to the other side.
Why is it called West Coast offense?
The West Coast Offense, at least as we now know the system, derives from the “nickel and dime” offensive system of Bill Walsh. … The term also referred to the “Air Coryell” system, but when it was used by Bernie Kosar to describe this system, a reporter mistakenly thought he meant the Walsh system, and the name stuck.
What is the T formation in football?
In American football, a T formation (frequently called the full house formation in modern usage, sometimes the Robust T) is a formation used by the offensive team in which three running backs line up in a row about five yards behind the quarterback, forming the shape of a “T”.