It’s hip to like sport: Leopold Tyrmand, football and Stalinism in Poland

Leopold Tyrmand (centre) enjoying time with Jazz musicians in the late 1950s ‘Is there a conflict between me and the rulers of this country? Yes there is. A difference of opinions. I think differently. We differ in our views on the constitution and architecture, on industry and sport, on personal freedoms and education.’ Leopold Tyrmand, […]

Across the curtain: Polish football defectors and the Cold War

‘Exile is morally suspect because it breaks one’s solidarity with a group, i.e., it sets apart an individual who ceases to share the experience of his colleagues left behind. His moral torment reflects his attachment to a heroic image of himself and he must, step by step, come to the painful conclusion that to do […]